Mothers often become reluctant in caring for their newborn because of fear that something wrong may happen to their young. This is especially true for first time mothers. What they need is correct information on how to provide care for their children. One of the most important points in newborn care is feeding, bathing, elimination and sleep.
In order to support the growth and development of newborns, it is important to practice proper feeding in newborns. Here are some of the helpful tips to ensure proper feeding of newborns:
- Practice breastfeeding to ensure the best nutrition for newborns.
- Allow for 20 minutes for feeding. Feed the newborn in each breast for 10 minutes each, beginning with the breast that you last fed the baby in order to promote adequate production of milk.
- Feed the baby per request or as soon as the baby requires it. The average number of feedings a day is 10 to 12 or every 2 hours.
- Make sure to wipe the nipples with a wash cloth before feeding the baby to ensure a clean breast for the baby.
- Burp the baby every after feeding. Burping prevents eructation or the reflux of milk because of abdominal distention brought by gas preventing possible infant colic.
- When breastfeeding is not possible, feed the child with formula milk every two hours or as desired by the baby. Make sure to use the right bottle and nipples to prevent gas. Also, avoid the bottle to be flat during feeding because this allows for air to enter the nipple and be ingested by the newborn contributing to colic.
Bathing is also essential in the care of newborn. Bathe the baby everyday using lukewarm water. Mild soap or cleanser is preferred to prevent skin dryness and allergies. Make sure that water and soap do not get into the ears and eyes of the baby. Also, make sure that the cord stump (where the umbilical cord is connected) is clean by cleansing it with cotton soaked in 70% isopropyl alcohol. After bathing, dry the baby adequately and properly cover with blanket to prevent hypothermia.
Babies normally pas stool one to two times a day. Those who breastfeed may pass stool at most 5 times a day because breast milk is easily digestible than formula milk. Urinary elimination is also frequent and may occur every one to two hours since the baby also feeds in this frequency. Properly clean the baby and dry the area before placing on the diapers to prevent diaper rash, balanitis or contact dermatitis.
Newborns spend most of their time sleeping and they relatively sleep at most 22 hours a day. In this regard, safety and comfort should be ensured. Never let the infants sleep on their abdomen because it may lead to sudden infant death syndrome.
Caring for babies has never been rewarding so make sure to provide adequate child care.
Guest Author Bio